LISMALIN Holstein Friesian herd – Padraig and Audrey Moroney & family, Drangan, Co. Tipperary

 1.47 million kilos of milk per year, family-run, spring calving herd with efficient calf to beef system

Using herd conformation and high-performance criteria to “milk” the heavy land type 

An IHFA Tipperary Waterford Friesian Breeders club profile 


Farming in the townland of Ballynennan, near the village of Drangan in South Tipperary, the Moroney family farm lies amidst the foothills of Sliabhamon, the distinct mountain landmark of Ireland’s Premier county. Padraig and Audrey and their children, Patrick (aged 15), Erin (aged 13), Dawn (aged 11) and Turlough (aged 10), operate a very efficient farm business consisting of an integrated calf-to-beef enterprise in harmony with the Lismalin pedigree Holstein Friesian herd.  Padraig describes it as a simple system overall, aiming to produce the very most from grass, within the parameters of heavy land, with an overall stocking rate of 1.1 acre/cow.    

Not content to simply shrug his shoulders at the apparent declining trend in beef quality and overall recent apathy within the industry towards dairy beef from a growing national dairy cow herd, Padraig refused to countenance a future of low-price returns for his male calves every year. Acting proactively, he has turned this scenario on its head, transforming it into a value-added enterprise for the family such that 52 two-year-old Holstein bullocks, born and raised entirely on the farm will be sold in January next year. Predicting future beef prices is futile at the best of times however in the past Padraig has attained prices of from €1,050 up to €1,300 for his 2-Year-old Holstein Friesian bullocks.                                                            

The adaptability and unique genetic diversity of the Holstein Friesian to suit the farming system is milked for all its worth in this high productivity herd. Production performance for the herd last year recorded 1.47 million kilos milk and 105,816kgs milk solids. Padraig says,  “We have a commercial focused, hard-working, spring calving herd deriving the most from grass. Efficiency of herd output is benchmarked by volume of milk solids output rather than focusing on percentages (deviations)”. 

 210 cows were milked last year with a performance average of 7,041kgs milk, 563kgs milk solids, 4.46% fat, 3.55% protein. The herd ranks in the top 10% of all co-op suppliers for kilos milk solids sold, an output 30% higher than co-op average.  

Fertility performance is evidently a strong point with 91% of the herd calved within the months of January to March. In addition, the herd has a calving interval rating of 360 days. Yield and fertility do co-exist, aided by careful breeding policy and responsive herd management, evidenced here by the performance of the sixty-four mature cows (4th lactation +) who produced 12% greater yield of milk solids above herd average last year with a calving interval performance of 363 days. Padraig says, “An in-calf rate of 88 – 90% at the completion of the breeding season has been the norm for the past few years and having looked at the five-year herd trend report our calving interval has steadily averaged 365 days”.  Herd health is also a positive attribute with an overall S.C.C. score of 89. Longevity is an additional quality component of the herd with 29 cows in their sixth lactation or older.

Padraig has built up cow numbers gradually over the years from a starting base of 50 cows in 1979. At the onset of quota introduction, the herd had grown to 120 cows and this trend of expansion from within a closed herd policy bloomed again post 2015 with 223 cows calved-in this Spring.“My ideal cow type is a uniform herd of trouble-free cows who perform well from a basic diet of grazed grass and will also respond to supplementary feed judiciously introduced at the opportune times during lactation. Conformation is so important because functionality of cow type is the kernel of harnessing return from the farm’s resources. Functionality translates into hard-working cows with the conformation traits and robustness to develop into senior cows with mature yields achieved over long-lasting lifetimes. “The goal for the herd is to achieve 600kgs milk solids/cow/year. Correct cow type is very important as a contributory factor to sustain this goal. With available labour such a scarcity it’s another considered reason why optimising production from every individual cow is so important”.

Lismalin TIH Gloria 1388 in her 12th lactation is the oldest cow in the herd. Lismalin TIH Poppy 1590 is in her 11th lactation. Combined they have produced over 132,000kgs milk and 9,760kgs milk solids to date. Both cows with double digit lactations matured over time, developed gradually and got better with age and are trouble-free.

“The furthest paddock is 2kms away from the parlour, so that’s a daily round trip of at least 4kms per milking. The soil is heavy by nature. The weather dictates so much. While we all try to have cows out to grass as early as possible, most years it is early April before cows are grazing day and night here. “Stocking rate has its own inherent limits. Leaving aside the derogation which may already be on borrowed time, you can only expect land to do so much. Pushing it too far will lead to consequences down the line. The reality is, winter housing the herd any date later than November 20th is a bonus. 

“Meal feeding of 1.2 tonne/cow per year is a complimentary aid to drive not only animal performance but grassland performance also. This supplementation helps ensure cows can sustain continued grazing at both the start and end of the grass growing year.”  The functionality of the cow type has to match up to all this criterion, to suit the farming system. Classification helps inform breeding decisions and helps to achieve the desired goal regards functionality. “Cows who classify well tend to be trouble-free cows with a natural will to milk.”  Current sire selection policy includes a balance of traits; production, conformation and fertility while cognisant of EBI. Padraig says 

 “I have a preference for North American Holstein strains for better conformation, good fertility and with a PTA of + 400kgs milk. I also select on the conformation traits, especially strength. Traits such as Daughter Pregnancy Rate (DPR) and Net Merit index are also considered. I find the World Wide Sires mating programme helpful and I also like the depth and diversity of choice from the stud. “We currently have a number of cows yielding over 700kgs milk solids per lactation and these cows are not under pressure. This highlights that the breed has the production capability and that targets can be achieved. Through selecting for higher kilos of solids and culling out the lowest quartile, further increases are very realistic and achievable.”                            

Production PTAs for the herd is currently +186kgs milk, +10.2kgs fat (+ 0.05%), +8.3kgs protein (+0.03%).

Some representative examples of the hard-working members of Lismalin cow families;

Lismalin DEU Natasha 

  •       8th lactation recorded yield 6,835kgs milk, 607kgs milk solids, 5.06% fat, 3.82% protein
  •       Now in her 9th lactation, great longevity. She has a Fertility Sub Index of €112.

Lismalin WUH Daphne 1853 GP81 (1st lactation score)

  •       8th lactation recorded yield 7,933kgs milk, 617kgs milk solids, 4.25% fat, 3.53% protein
  •       Now in her 9th lactation.

Lismalin HMY Clare 2623 GP81

  • 3rd lactation recorded yield 8,356kgs milk, 729kgs milk solids, 4.90% fat, 3.82% protein.
  • A shorter calving interval averaging – 7 days per year in her 5 lactations thus far.

Lismalin CGH Gloria 2249 VG85

  • 6th lactation recorded yield 8,500kgs milk, 661kgs milk solids, 4.14% fat, 3.64% protein
  • Her dam Lismalin LBO Gloria VG85 had a lifetime longevity of nine lactations.

Lismalin RXR Gloria 2030 VG87

  • 6th lactation recorded yield 8,321kgs milk, 634kgs milk solids, 4.05% fat, 3.57% protein.
  • Her daughter by St Louis recorded 1st lactation yield of 5,296kgs milk, 418kgs milk solids, 4.24% fat, 3.66% protein.

Lismalin OES Gloria 2499 VG85

  • 4th lactation recorded yield 7,656kgs milk, 596 kgs milk solids, 4.42% fat, 3.37% protein
  • Bred from VG85 Looster dam from a VG85 Linde Bartho grand dam having nine lactations.

Lismalin BQN Daisy 2545 VG85

  •       3rd lactation recorded yield 7,753kgs milk, 618kgs milk solids, 4.47% fat, 3.49% protein.
  •       Bred from a VG88 dam with lifetime of eight lactations.

Lismalin RUU Daisy 1474 VG86

  •       4th lactation recorded yield 6,908kgs milk, 510kgs milk solids, 3.64% fat, 3.73% protein.
  •       Her BEI daughter had a 3rd lactation yield of 6,786kgs milk, 559kgs milk solids, 4.52% fat, 3.71% protein.
  •       VG87 full sister with longevity of seven lactations.

Lismalin CGH Daisy 2214 VG85

  •       2nd lactation recorded yield 8,171kgs milk, 634kgs milk solids, 4.40% fat, 3.36% protein.

Lismalin UPH Kimber 2105 VG85

  •       In seven lactations to date she has averaged 7,248kgs milk, 580kgs milk solids, 4.24% fat, 3.75% protein per lactation.
  •       Her two GP 1st lactation daughters average 5,442kgs milk, 449kgs milk solids, 4.53% fat, 3.73% protein last year.
  •       One of the top fertility rated cows in the herd. 

Lismalin HMY Chrissy 2560 VG85

  •       3rd lactation recorded yield 7,390kgs milk, 631kgs milk solids, 4.90% fat, 3.64% protein

Lismalin VGE Tulip 2053 VG86

  •       In seven lactations to date she has recorded 7,233kgs milk, 560kgs milk solids, 4.05% fat, 3.69% protein per lactation.
  •       Bred from a VG87 dam with seven lactations lifetime length.

Lismalin RUU Berry 1473 VG86

  •       5th lactation recorded yield 7,542kgs milk, 644kgs milk solids, 4.96% fat, 3.58% protein

Lismalin OJT Crystal 2089 GP (1st lactation score)

  •       7th lactation recorded yield 8,674kgs milk, 728kgs milk solids, 4.67% fat, 3.73% protein.
  •       Her St. Louis daughter recorded 1st lactation yield 5,594kgs milk, 450kgs milk solids, 4.29% fat, 3.75% protein.
  •       Her Boxer daughter has 1st lactation projected yield of 5,817kgs milk, 498kgs milk solids, 5.17% fat, 3.38% protein.

Lismalin DEU Crystal 1670 VG85

  •       4th lactation recorded yield 6,665kgs milk, 570kgs milk solids, 4.56% fat, 3.99% protein.
  •       Her four daughters all recorded over 3.70% protein
  •       Cow family traces back to Lismalin DLB Crystal BSR with a lifetime longevity of eleven lactations having regular annual calving intervals, 5830kgs total milk solids production and five lactations 3.50% protein or higher.

Lismalin WUH Crystal 1672 VG86

  •       5th lactation recorded yield 8,666kgs milk, 680kgs milk solids, 4.19% fat, 3.65% protein.

Her two daughters both sired by Crockett-Acres Eight ET;

  • Lismalin CGH Crystal 2414 recorded 6,789kgs milk, 557kgs milk solids, 4.56% fat, 3.64% protein average in four lactations to date.
  • Lismalin CGH Crystal 2188 recorded 7,082kgs milk, 528kgs milk solids, 3.95% fat, 3.50% protein average in five lactations to date.

Lismalin CGH Crystal 2206 VG85

  •       6th lactation recorded yield 8,172kgs milk, 645kgs milk solids, 4.38% fat, 3.51% protein.

Lismalin ZTG Crystal 3122 GP82 (1st lactation score)

  •       2nd lactation recorded yield 7,449kgs milk, 604kgs milk solids, 4.55% fat, 3.55% protein.

Lismalin CGH Polly 2234 GP84 (2nd lactation score)

  •       6th lactation recorded yield 8,366kgs milk, 674kgs milk solids, 4.13% fat, 3.92% protein. 
  •       Her McLean sired daughter recorded 7,336kgs milk, 632kgs milk solids, 5.02% fat, 3.60% protein as a heifer.
  •       Her Boxer sired daughter recorded 5,519kgs milk, 436kgs milk solids, 4.39% fat, 3.51% protein as a heifer.
  •       Her VG88 dam with a lifetime longevity of six lactations recorded 7,258kgs milk, 588kgs milk solids, 3.71% fat, 4.03% protein in her first lactation.

Lismalin PUM Polly EX

  •       Matriarch of the Polly family who left a lasting legacy in the herd.
  •       4th lactation yield 8,270kgs milk, 728kgs milk solids, 4.80% fat, 4.01% protein

Her three daughters;

  • Lismalin CPA Polly 1st lact. recorded 7,258kgs milk, 561kgs milk solids, 3.71% fat, 4.03% protein
  • Lismalin MYO Polly 1st lact. recorded 5,724kgs milk, 457kgs milk solids, 4.27% fat, 3.72% protein
  • Lismalin ANN Polly 3rd lact. recorded 7,749kgs milk, 611kgs milk solids, 4.01% fat, 3.87% protein 

Lismalin S2233 Polly 2958 GP81 

2nd lactation recorded yield 7,336kgs milk, 632kgs milk solids, 5.02% fat, 3.60% protein

Lismalin OJT Sasha 2073 EX

  •       3rd lactation recorded yield 9,612kgs milk, 784kgs milk solids, 4.50% fat, 3.65% protein
  •       Great longevity, now in her 8th lactation

Lismalin LZO Sasha 2295 VG86

  •       6th lactation recorded yield 8,887kgs milk, 755kgs milk solids, 4.87% fat, 3.63% protein
  •       Daughter of Lismalin OJT Sasha 2295 EX 

Lismalin CGH Cindy 2013 VG85

  •       3rd lactation recorded yield 8,874kgs milk, 696kgs milk solids, 4.28% fat, 3.56% protein.

Her daughters;

  • Lismalin KSK Cindy 2805 recorded 6,992kgs milk, 585kgs milk solids, 4.66% fat, 3.71% protein in her 3rd lactation.
  • Lismalin LHZ Cindy 2354 recorded 7,741kgs milk, 629kgs milk solids, 4.60% fat, 3.53% protein in her 4th lactation.

Lismalin FR2270 Cindy 3225 GP80

  •       1st lactation recorded yield of 6,011kgs milk, 500kgs milk solids, 4.65% fat, 3.67% protein.

Lismalin AYW Cindy 3135

  •       2nd lactation recorded yield 7,165kgs milk, 598kgs milk solids, 4.84% fat, 3.51% protein.

Lismalin MJI Nicola 2212 VG85 

  •       5th lactation recorded yield 8,302kgs milk, 673kgs milk solids, 4.52% fat, 3.59% protein
  •       Bred from a VG88 dam with a lifetime longevity of twelve lactations.

Lismalin CHQ Sally 2556 GP83 (2nd lactation score)

  •       4th lactation yield 8,066kgs milk, 701kgs milk solids, 4.93% fat, 3.76% protein.
  •       Her 1st lactation daughter by Boldi Admiration recorded 5,386kgs milk, 472kgs milk solids, 5.03% fat, 3.73% protein.

Full sisters Lismalin CGH Sally 2170 VG85 and Lismalin CGH Sally 2363 VG85 are bred from a VG85 dam with seven lactations and EX90 grand dam, four completed lactations with protein to 3.81%.

Lismalin CGH Sally VG85

  •       2nd lactation recorded yield 9,514kgs milk, 718kgs milk solids, 4.08% fat, 3.46% protein.

Lismalin CGH Sally 2170 VG85

  •       6th lactation recorded yield 9,879kgs milk, 750kgs milk solids, 4.23% fat, 3.36% protein.  

“Soil fertility is very important and we have managed this aspect really closely in line with overall farm improvements. All the farm is in index 3 for P & K and meets the industry best-standard for lime application. The impact on this has been a reduced purchase of fertiliser which has been very positive economically. To streamline grassland management and labour, the farm’s paddocks have been set up specifically to suit the herd size, with good roadways providing free-flowing access.”

Returning to the beef enterprise from the dairy herd Padraig comments, 

“The dairy sector has been targeted recently for some unfair coverage regards implications for the wider beef sector. I was fed up with being offered poor prices for beef calves who I knew had a better value. Why put yourself at the mercy of a buyer coming into the yard each spring or leave yourself open to the mercy of the unpredictable availability of an export boat? I have the land base available to rear the beef animals. It doesn’t impact on the milking platform and through the help of my full-time labour unit and family help, we are able to manage a good operation overall. The income generated is a boost, coming as it does during January and February when there is no milk cheque. In addition to the performance of the Holstein Friesian males, Angus cross steers and heifers also command good money with store bullocks sold earlier this year averaging €780/head and heifers averaging €728.”

While the Covid-19 lockdown has forced the cancellation of the Lismalin herd hosting a Tipperary Waterford club field evening later this year Padraig jokingly point out a fortuitous silver lining of the on-going lockdown restrictions “As a proud Tipp GAA supporter it means we might be holding onto the Liam McCarthy cup for a second year in a row”.

 (First published in 2020)

Padraig and Audrey and their children, Erin, Patrick, Turlough and Dawn
Cows of the Lismalin Herd
Lismalin Herd at grass
Lismalin Herd at grass
Padraig and Audrey and their children, Erin, Turlough, Dawn and Patrick.